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Police, world over, has adapted itself to meet the changing requirements of Safety and Security of Public life and Property. With the changing technology, there has been a demand on Police to introduce new and specialized wings from time to time ranging from mere Law and Order Police Stations to Central Crime Stations to Traffic Police Stations on one hand and new Special Police Organizations from CID, Railways to Grey Hounds and Octopus etc.
One such functional requirement is Road Safety which includes Traffic Planning and Highway Patrolling. About 1,20,000 people died in road accidents in the country in 2010. It is estimated that the country loses about 3% GDP because of road accidents. In the year 2010 while 2305 number of precious lives were lost under the head "Murder", as many as 15,696 precious lives were lost in road accidents, in the State of Andhra Pradesh alone. This figure is rising at a rate of 10% every year.
Giving due recognition to such a requirement, States like Maharashtra, Haryana, Tamil Nadu have already formed Highway Police. Infact, the Maharashtra Highway Police was formulated way back in 1993. It is headed by Additional Director General of Police who is in turn assisted by 2000 Police Officers of the rank of Supdts. Of Police, Dy.Supdts.of Police, Inspector of Police, Sub-Inspectors of Police and other ranks. It has Ambulances, Cranes (20T) deployed across 60 Traffic Aided Posts (TAPs) each with a strength of 3 SIs and 36 HCs/PCs. TAPs and Mobile Courts do Enforcement work but TAPs do not have investigation powers. It has Engineering Wing in State Headquarters with one Executive Engineer.
The Andhra Pradesh Police Manual (2002) also recognized this need and suggested an organization for Traffic, Planning and Highway Patrolling with an objective of monitoring and coordinating the functions of various agencies relating to Road Safety measures.
- Don't use your mobile phone whilst driving
- Belt up in the back
- Don't drink and drive
- Always adhere to speed limits
- Don't drive if tired.
- Always observe and anticipate other road users.
- Keep your distances
- Always wear helmets and seat belts
- They are curious, daring and spontaneous making them vulnerable to accidents.
- Most road accidents involving children happen close to their homes.
- The risk increases when children start high school
- Cannot determine which direction sound is coming from.
- They do not know what to watch out and listen for.
- They want to enjoy independence.
- They are fast and unpredictable.
- They get distracted easily.